Inclusive Community Resilience

A Program Review


The Inclusive Community Resilience program (the ICR program) was established in May 2015 to enhance community capacity for disaster and climate risk management by influencing country investment programs that put resources directly in the hands of poor households and communities (e.g., Community-Driven Development and Social Protection).

It also supports civil society and citizen engagement in disaster risk management (DRM) efforts for greater accountability and impact, as well as innovation, knowledge, and learning to promote the voice of vulnerable communities in national and global policy dialogue.

Certain groups are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of natural hazards and climate change, for example, female-headed households, children, persons with disabilities, indigenous and ethnic minority groups, landless tenants, migrant workers, older people, and other socially marginalized groups. The root causes of their vulnerability lie in a combination of their geographical context; their financial, socioeconomic, cultural, and gender status; and their access to services, decision-making, and justice. By promoting community-led approaches to risk management, the ICR program aims to strengthen the resilience of these vulnerable groups.

A three-year Inclusive Community Resilience strategy (2015-2017) was endorsed by GFDRR’s Consultative Group on May 2015. The strategy built on the learning that emerged from the Civil Society Engagement Pilot Strategy (2012-2014) and identified three objectives:
• integrate citizen engagement, social inclusion, and gender into DRM investments;
• influence large-scale country programs that provide resources directly to poor households and communities to strengthen resilience; and,
• generate and share evidence on effective community-driven disaster and climate risk management, and promote community voices in global DRM dialogue.

Resources were dedicated to an Inclusive Community Resilience program, and, through this,GFDRR initiated several technical assistance, analytical, and capacity strengthening activities.

This review assesses the relevance, effectiveness, and efficiency of the ICR program following internationally agreed OECD-DAC evaluation criteria.Since the program has been operational for less than three years, the review only touches on impact and sustainability where relevant. The review is also limited by its reliance on rigorous impact evaluation methodology for only one project in Fiji. Conducting rigorous impact evaluations that compare a treatment group with a control group would have been desirable, but it would have not been possible with the time and budget allocated for this evaluation. Another limitation—shared by other advocacy programs—is that GFDRR and the World Bank do not track the program’s advocacy through knowledge products, policy dialogue, and capacitybuilding activities other than by counting outputs.

This review is a desk-based evaluation relying on interviews and the review of documents.Interviewees included 18 World Bank staff and an additional seven respondents representing GFDRR’s advisory group, donors, and civil society partners.

GFDRR gratefully acknowledges all those who made time for interviews and provided documents and information, in particular, members of GFDRR’s Consultative Group, civil society partners, program beneficiaries, World Bank staff, management, and administrative staff. The full list of people interviewed is in Annex B.

An earlier draft of this report was shared and discussed with the ICR Technical Advisory Group, and their feedback has been incorporated in this version.